Speaker:

Prof. Lorenzo Marrucci Department of physics Università di Napoli Federico II

Gathering - 12:30

Lecture – 13:00-14:00

Room no. 104, Shankar Physics Building, Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tel-Aviv University

 

Abstract:
The angular momentum of a light beam in the paraxial limit can be split into spin and orbital components (SAM and OAM). Only recently, several optical processes involving a conversion of angular momentum from one form to another or other kinds of spin-orbit couplings were conceived and experimentally demonstrated.

I will focus on the case of SAM-OAM coupling occurring in optical devices named q-plates, which have proved to be extremely convenient tools for controlling the OAM of light beams in the visible and near-infrared domains. A q-plate is based on a space-variant birefringent medium, typically a liquid crystal, whose optic axis is azimuthally patterned in the transverse plane with a topological singularity of integer or semi-integer charge q at the center. A number of applications of these devices have been demonstrated in classical photonics and in quantum optics during the last years. In this presentation, I will review a selection of the recent applications of the q-plate and of related devices. Moreover, I will discuss a conceptual extension of the q-plate working mechanism leading to the possibility of guiding light by using only the geometric phases arising in polarization manipulations